therapy, group therapy, and exposure therapy, have been
identified as good treatments for this disorder. In these therapy
sessions, the patient gradually and repeatedly relives the frightening
experience under controlled conditions to help him or her work
through the trauma. Medications have also been shown to help
ease associated symptoms of depression and anxiety and help
promote sleep. Research is being conducted to determine which
treatments work best for which type of trauma.
Some studies show that giving people an opportunity to talk
about their experiences very soon after a catastrophic event
may reduce some of the symptoms of PTSD. A study of 12,000 schoolchildren
who lived through a hurricane in Hawaii found that those who
got counseling early on were doing much better 2 years later
than those who did not.